CBD works within the human body by interacting with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), which is your body’s way of producing cannabinoids to facilitate the transmission of signals from the brain through the nervous immune system. Much of the existing research around CBD focuses on the activity in the nerves and particularly its ability to mitigate pain and reduce anxiety — but just from the medical interest surrounding CBD, there’s more yet to be discovered.
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There is quite a bit of material discussing the connection between CBD and the human Endocannabinoid System, and from the research available today, we know that CBD delivers many of its therapeutic effects in the body by balancing hormonal function and enhancing brain function. This is of course a major simplification, but it’s a broader way of looking at how CBD may be able to treat such a broad range of ailments without causing adverse side effects.
The Endocannabinoid system plays a major role in balancing our bodies’ most important functions from pain, to sleep, to mood, to memory, to appetite, to bowel movements, and more.
The ECS’s main role is to maintain bodily homeostasis — biological harmony in response to environmental changes such as physical and mental stress. Science has since found the ECS present in anything with a vertebra such as mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
The endocannabinoid system has three components: Receptors, Enzymes, and Endocannabinoids. These parts function regardless of whether someone uses CBD or not. Understanding the effects of CBD involves examining the relationship between the receptors and endocannabinoids.
There are two types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily in the central nervous system and are responsible for governing coordination, movement, pain, appetite, memory, mood, and other functions. The CB2 receptors are in the peripheral nervous system, influencing pain, and inflammation.
Researchers believe that CBD does not directly attach itself to the receptor but influences it in some way. Activating these receptors is what allows for many of the health benefits that people associate with CBD.